A Keynote On The Horse Breeding Process
The life of a racing horse begins on a stud farm. While some people perform breeding as a part of their hobby to prepare them for racing, there are another majority of commercial breeders who obtain their income mainly from selling away their young bred horses and also receives the service fees for those racing stallions.
For all the thoroughbred stallions existing across the world, their mating process or the so-called covering process happens naturally during their typical domestic breeding period which starts from September 1 and continues for about next three months. If an average stallion covers almost 30 to 35 mares in its domestic period, the most exclusive breeds have the potential to mate with more than 210 females. A stallion refers to the male horse and when the conception or breeding process is going on, he is tagged with the name called the sire. Similarly, a mare is the female horse which is also mentioned as the dam during the fertilization act or the parenthood period. Usually, the baby male horse is often called as the colt whereas the baby female horse is pointed out as the filly. The common name for an infant horse is a foal and when they are aged 14 to 22months, they are titled as the yearlings. The leading breeding firms possess one or two best mares and the price for covering with a normal stallion is a matter of a few hundred dollars but to mate with the most well-versed sire it costs more than one lakh dollar.
For a thoroughbred horse, the stage after a foal is considered to be vital for its development. The farm stud workers are always eager to watch a horse standing to its feet and leads to nurse. Again, for the beginning period, the thoroughbred’s life will be thoroughly attached to its mother and is allowed to live outside. Then, within the next 4 to 6 months, they are properly weaned, a means by which the baby gets separated from its mother. Further, all the horses of this age will spend their time mostly in the stud farm and those with almost same age and gender remain together in the paddocks. These horses are largely fed on the fresh grass as a part of their strict diet.
The Phase of selling the thoroughbred horses
Some people opt to buy these horses mostly during the time of the weaning process say from around 7 to 10 months of age and others keenly wait for the commercial yearling sale which is conducted when the horses are 13 to 16 months old. Prior to the sale season, the horses will initially undergo a training section, which takes for about twelve weeks and includes practices like walking, a grooming section, and easy handling, so that they begin to portray like the superlative horses when presented in the auction ring. Further, these horses are taken to the property and remain to be ‘broken in’. This involves a training period when the horses are well-ridden and build up with the basic fitness stamina, along with a full course training for both mental and physical preparation.
These training strategies will continue until the horse is about two years old and some are ready to be on the racing track whereas the majority will remain physically developed but needs to get improved with age. This breeding section is to patiently handled by the trainers for bringing out the best bred and slowly they start adapting to the training tests and racing. Finally, when the horse is actually ready for its first ever race, they will be actually taken for either a triggering step or the barrier trial which are briefed as the dress rehearsal section. During this race, these horses are cantered by the professional jockeys, but the betting process is strictly avoided. Some trainers take out the horses for its easy trials rather than forcing them to win on their first race. All these processes are part of the racehorse education and grooming.
Thoroughbreds as the racing machines
A thoroughbred horse is raised for showing off their superior athleticism. They gain about 500 kg of power and strength to meet the speed records of about sixty kmph when galloping. This process of raising gives them the standard physical conformation or the structural muscular figure and are less prone to injury. Another factor that decides a horse’s potential is its pedigree or ancestral features. The trainers and other buying parties give great significance on a horse pedigree before actually buying a horse. Among this, the black type pedigree is considered superior.
When it’s time to retire
It is obvious that someday your horse slows down their performance and are slowly taken off from the racing track. Do not worry at all. There are a number of existing options to see whether this retired horse leads a happy life outside the racing campus. Better life as a companion horse or the so-called nanny. Usually, during the breeding period, it is obvious that the breeders keep an older mare or gelding along with the young weanlings or yearlings in the paddock with the only purpose of providing a parent figure. With this advantage, people opt to keep the older horse for educating the small ones, to make them stressed out during a storm or something of that sort. Another chance is when your horse still sounds good even after the retirement. An average life expectancy of the thoroughbred varies from ten to fifteen years of age after the post-retirement. They can easily grab the second chance to be on the performance show off the events like polo or pony club and so on. A number of state-initiative funding programs are available mainly with the purpose of retraining and re-homing the once thoroughbred ones. This is done to motive all those organizations that work for educating the community about the importance of promoting the breed along with looking after the health and wellbeing of your horse.